Research published in the journal Science has found that up to 10 per cent of the population or two or three pupils in every classroom are affected by specific learning disabilities (SLDs), such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and autism.
The research by academics at the University College London and Goldsmiths, University of London also found that children are frequently affected by more than one learning disability. For example in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, 33 to 45 per cent also suffer from dyslexia and 11 per cent from dyscalculia.
Brian Butterworth of the University College London’s Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience said, “We now know that there are many disorders of neurological development that can give rise to learning disabilities, even in children of normal or even high intelligence, and that crucially these disabilities can also co-occur far more often that you’d expect based on their prevalence.”
The research suggests that learning difficulties such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are caused by atypical brain development with complicated genetic and environmental causes. With this knowledge the researchers believe that the way lessons are taught for individual learners can be improved, as well as help with training for school psychologists, clinicians and teachers.
Mr Butterworth continued, “We are also finally beginning to find effective ways to help learners with one or more SLDs, and although the majority of learners can usually adapt to the one-size-fits-all approach of whole class teaching, those with SLDs will need specialised support tailored to their unique combination of disabilities.”
Mr Butterworth also suggested that technology could be used effectively to help individuals with SLDs, “A promising approach involves the development of technology-enhanced learning applications — such as games — that are capable of adapting to individual needs for each of the basic disciplines.”
To view the article please click the following link: http://www.upi.com/Health_News/2013/04/19/10-percent-have-autism-dyslexia-ADHD-language-impairment/UPI-33851366345709/#ixzz2UaAfzTwp